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028° 28.917' N , 016° 19.049' W
San Cristóbal de La Laguna was founded in the late 15th century on an inland plateau 550 m above sea level next to an insalubrious lagoon. The town has two original town centres each belonging to a different time of history:
Upper Town is the initial founding site next to the lagoon, and has an unplanned urban structure;
Lower Town, one kilometre to the East, which is designed on a grid. It is the first ideal territory-town, being designed according to philosophical principles and Royal regulations, organised around a founding square known as Plaza del Adelantado.